On 8 October 2014 the United Nations made public the 6-th report of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation in Ukraine, based on the work of the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU). It covers the period from 18 August to 16 September 2014.
The HRMMU has eхpressed concern over escalation of fighting between 24 August and 5 September in the eastern part of Ukraine. Armed groups of the self-proclaimed ’’Donetsk people's republic’’ (DPR) and ’’Luhansk people's republic’’ (LPR) were bolstered by an increasing number of foreign fighters, including citizens of the Russian Federation. In particular on 27August, the so-called ’’prime minister’’ of the ’’DPR’’ A.Zakharchenko, stated on RussianState television that 3,000-4,000 Russians were fighting alongside the armed groups, including former or serving Russian soldiers, on leave from their posts.
Acorıng to the HRMMU the ceasefire is increasingly fragile. Since the ceasefire, there are reports that the Ukrainian military has been shelled by the armed groups many times. Reportedly, 49 servicemen have been killed and 242 wounded. Although there have been fewer casualties, civilians and military personnel continue to be killed on a daily basis.
Armed groups continued to terrorize the population in areas under their control, pursuing killings, abductions, torture, ill-treatment and other serious human rights abuses, including destruction of housing and seizure of property. In this context shock example was mentioned in the UN report that on 22 August 2014 Lithuania's Honorary Consul in Luhansk was abducted and killed.
An unlawful ’’criminal code’’ was adopted by self-proclaimed authority of ’’DPR’’. Modeled on the criminal code of the Russian Federation, its provisions include the establishment of military tribunals to implement death sentences.
Authors of the UN repot pay attention of the international community to facts of capturing and transferring to the Russian Federation of Ukrainian citizens. In particular Ukrainian servicewoman Nadiya Savchenko, allegedly captured in the Luhansk region in July, remains in a detention facility in the Russian Federation. On 11 May 2014, the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation arrested the citizens of Ukraine Mr. Оleg Sentsov, Mr. Gennadiy Afanasyev, Mr. Oleksiy Chirniy and Mr. Oleksandr Kolchenko on the temporary occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. These citizens of Ukraine were unreasonably and unfoundedly accused of terrorism and transferred to the FSB detention facility in Moscow.
The humanitarian situation in the areas controlled by the armed groups remained precarious, even after the ceasefire, especially in the Luhansk region. On 22 August and 13 September, the Russian Federation authorities sent white-truck convoys to eastern Ukraine, without the consent of the Government
of Ukraine. Such humanitarian convoys must be undertaken in full compliance with international standards, and the procedures of relevant international organizations, including proper inspections, before entering the territory of Ukraine.
The HRMMU expressed their concern over violations of the human rights in the temporary occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. In particular curtail freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association, religion or belief. Self-proclaimed authority in Crimea conducts searches, particularly among the Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian population, claiming to look for ’’extremist’’ material. The number of refuges from Crimea on mainland Ukraine has further increased to 17,794.
The HRMMU positively evaluated adoption on 16 September 2014 by the Ukrainian Parliament the laws ’’On preventing persecution and punishment of participants of events on the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts’’ and ’’On the special order of local self-government in separate regions of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts’’. The legislative acts aimed at implementing the Peace Plan of the President of Ukraine as well as the Minsk agreements. While both have the potential to play a critical role in reconciliation and creating an environment for sustainable peace.